What is callus?
Callus also commonly known as Callosity is a condition that results in a section of the skin being toughened and becoming thick as a result of friction, pressure or irritation. Calluses may be annoying, but the body always forms them in an attempt of trying to protect the most sensitive skin. Calluses are fond of developing anywhere there is friction, is it on the hands or feet. The most shocking bit is that they can also develop on the violinist chin.
The difference between a callus and a corn is that Calluses are mainly larger and broader than corns with a well less defined edge. They mostly tend to form on the underside of the feet unlike corns which form on the toes. Calluses commonly form underneath the toes as this area takes much of the weight when one is walking.
Symptoms of calluses
The common symptoms of calluses are:
- Thickening of the skin over a bony spot
- Discoloration of the thickened skin to either red brown or yellow gray
- Burning or throbbing sensation on the suspected area
What causes calluses on feet?
What causes calluses varies depending on someone’s lifestyle and the kind of footwear. One cause can be by wearing tight shoes as they squeeze the feet resulting in excessive pressure and friction. For ladies high heels shoes are a major cause as these kind of shoes tend to squeeze the front part of the feet.
Loose shows make the feet slide and rub against the shoe leading to friction. Walking with shoes with thinner innersole should also be avoided as they tend to create more pressure on the ball of the foot when one is walking as compared to thicker soled shoes.
Wearing shoes or sandals without socks increases friction between the shoe and the feet leading to calluses. Socks that don’t fit also result in pressure building up in the feet. If you develop calluses that have no clear source of accumulated pressure or friction in the shoes, it is always good to seek immediate medical attention.
How to prevent calluses
Calluses are best treated by taking the necessary measures to relief the affected areas from the symptoms through identification of the cause and taking the necessary measures. Minor surgical operation can be carried out as a callus treatment wherein the affected skin that might have become toughened and thickened is removed.
A good way to avoid calluses is by wearing well fitting shoes, the shoes should be comfortable discarding any movements when one is walking. Shoes with rough seam or stitching should also be avoided as they tend to lead to lots of friction. Correcting poor foot wear is a great way to stay clean from calluses.
Use high quality padded shoe inserts for your shoes to walk comfortable. Keep in mind that your shoes still needs to have extra depth and width. A good shoe insert we recommend is Superfeet Green Premium Insoles.
Trimming or paring down is another common calluses cure as the thickened skin is pared down by a podiatrist by the use of a scalpel blade. The pain in this case is usually reduced as the pain in the underlying tissue is eased.
You can get rid of calluses by the use of medicated products which work by paring the thickened skin tissues. These products usually come with salicyclic acid which is a major remedy against calluses able to dissolve the protein keratin that makes up most of the dead skin of the calluses .
Maintaining proper feet hygiene is an effective home remedy for calluses complimented by soaking of the feet in warm water and filling the callus down with pumice stone. Walking bare foot on smooth surface while in the house is another effective remedy. If wearing high heels causes extensive pressure and friction on the feet then one would need to switch to low heeled shoes as a precautionary measure.
Cracked heels on the other hand can be treated by applying any hydrated vegetable oil after proper washing of the feet. Another way is using Pulp of a ripe banana. The pulp of a ripe banana should be applied on the feet left for 10 minutes after which proper rinsing should be done. Application of a mixture glycerin and rosewater has also been known to be perfect for soothing and curing cracked heels.
Calluses can never result in any serious complication but caution should always be taken to treat them appropriately to provide the relief of pain. Proper feet and hand hygiene can always protect one from further recurrence.