high blood pressure symptoms, causes and treatment

Before we need to know the details on how to lower high blood pressure we first need to understand what a high blood pressure exactly is. High blood pressure is something that people do not often think about, until something happens, such as a heart attack.  It being so common it may surprise some people, who are already knowledgeable on the topic, that more people don’t know about high blood pressure. With a Normal circulation and normal blood pressure the blood leaves the heart through the aorta which then branches into smaller arterioles and finally tapers into smaller capillaries thus supplying the body for oxygen.

high blood pressure symptoms

The circulation consist of a heart (the pump), which is circulating/pumping blood through a series of blood vessels, delivering oxygen and nutritients to the tissues, such as the kidneys and the brain. And a second series of pipes, the vains takes blood back to the heart and the lungs, completing the circulation.

When we measure blood pressure we measure blood pressure in arteries. We measure two numbers, systolic and diastolic. The high number is the Systolic pressure. It’s the highest number generated when the heart contracts.The lower pressure or  the diastolic pressure is the residual pressure in the circulation. When the heart contracts the  arteries gets stretched, and causes the blood to be under pressure.

On occassion various factors can cause the arterioles to narrow.whhen this occurs the heart needs to work harder to pump the blood through the narrow vessels. This is called high blood pressure


What Causes High Blood Pressure:

 

High blood pressure is caused by so many different things that it is hard for most to pinpoint how they got it.  One of the triggers is smoking, the actual act of smoking does not trigger it but rather the additives such as nicotine which constrict the blood vessels.  When blood vessels are constricted their heart rate goes up which can lead to high blood pressure.  Another trigger, and the one most commonly known to the public is being obese or even overweight.  This is due to the increased amount of bodyfat.  When your body gets bigger everything needs more blood and to get this blood your heart needs to pump harder then it normally does.


There are also some less known causes such as eating too much salt.  Today with salt being a condiment on so many things we often “overeat” on salt.  When this happens our bodies store extra fluids in an attempt to get rid of the excess salt this puts more stress on our heart the same way being obese does.  Another, unavoidable, trigger is old age.  As many people know when you get older your heart pumps faster, thus leading to high blood pressure.  Another unavoidable cause is genetics, so if you’re nuclear (immediate), or even extended family has a history of high blood pressure, check your blood pressure often.

 

High Blood Pressure Symptoms:

The following signs of high blood pressure, and many other triggers can lead to high blood pressure, now that you know whether or not you are at risk for high blood pressure you should see if you have experienced any symptoms of high blood pressure or symptoms, there are very few one of the high blood pressure symptoms is dizziness, which happens because your heart is beating at an accelerated rate.  Another is nausea, vomiting, and chest pain which are often associated with another condition.  For instance chest pain is often associated with a more serious condition such as cardiac arrest.  If you’ve experienced any of these symptoms of high blood pressure I recommend you see your doctor.  (even if these are not high blood pressure symptoms they could be related to a very serious condition.)

Since there are not many ways you can detect it on your own due to the lack of symptoms associated with high blood pressure the first method of checking your blood pressure is buying your own aneroid sphygmomanometer, yeah its a mouthful but it is very easy to use.  Put the cuff around the patient’s arm then feel the radial pulse.  Keep squeezing until the pulse can no longer be felt anymore.  Then keep inflating for about 30 more centimeters.  Then put your stethoscope slightly under the cuff then release the pressure very slowly.  When you hear two beats record the data as the systolic pressure.  Then keep slowly releasing until you cannot hear the pulse in the stethoscope record this as the diastolic pressure.  Open the valve completely and remove the cuff.  Average blood pressure (Systolic) should be between 90-140.  If your blood pressure is a little bit below 90, your fine.  If it’s anywhere below 70 go to the hospital immediately.  If your blood pressure is 141-160 “
fine mildly, high blood pressure but does not require treatment but if you are 160-180 schedule an appointment with your doctor.  Anything above 180 get treatment immediately.

Diastolic pressure, however is different entirely.  If your Diastolic pressure is between 60 and 90 you are fine.  However if you are anywhere between  50 and below you should get treatment.  When it comes to high blood pressure anything between 90 and 100 is high blood pressure, but does not require treatment.  Anything from 100 to 110 Requires treatment.  Above 110 you should head to the emergency room.

If you do not care to take your own blood pressure schedule an appointment with your doctor and ask if he will check it for you.  If you cannot afford this pharmacies often have an automatic machine that will do it for free.

How to lower blood pressure:
If you find out that you have high blood pressure you have many options on how to lower it:

  1. Exercise: This does not mean hitting the gym, try going for walks and just getting off the couch in general.  How does this work?  Here’s how:
    1. You exercise
    2. this leads to weight loss
    3. heart doesn’t need to pump blood to extra fat
    4. heart pumps slower
    5. lower blood pressure
  2. High Blood pressure diets:This has to do with the same concept that exercise does.  (losing weight).  There are several ways of finding a healthy high blood pressure diet such as follows:
    1. Count calorie consumption: read labels, and keep track.  You should be eating around 1,500 calories a day.
    2. Try consulting your physician on a diet plan, they often have great ideas.  You should also talk to someone at your local health club.  They often have pre-made diets that fit in with a workout schedule.

Foods to lower high blood pressure:

These foods, in themselves do not lower blood pressure, but do not make it higher at all, and therefore, by replacing other foods make it go down.  Here they are:

  1. Skim Milk: A great replacement for milk, can help lower blood pressure by %15
  2. Unsalted Sunflower Seeds: If you are a big fan of chips, are a great snack to fill your craving, these crunchy, tasty seeds will leave you full in an instant
  3. Baked-Potato: Great replacement at dinner time leave this un-salted and make sure not to add butter.  This great tasting food is a perfect replacement for a big mac.


High blood pressure is a problem that is common today due to our dietary diversity, fast paced lifestyle and our love of food; but by understanding how to detect it through high blood pressure symptoms, how to l track your blood pressure through the average blood pressure and most importantly how to lower blood pressure.  By following these simple steps you can live a healthier life.

The above article is solely informational and is not intended for medical advice.  Medical advice should be based entirely off your situation.  Before trying any of this advice please speak to your doctor.  The above “symptoms of high blood pressure” and “high blood pressure symptoms” are based on a varying amount of scientific studies.  Please note: some of the above high blood pressure symptoms are not verified by the FDA.  The diets used are based off studies, please consult your physician before starting any diet.  Also, checking your own high blood pressure can be challenging and is not recommended, unless you are an expert.